Olet täälläEtusivu Validity of the gender gap theory in a substance-abusing population with previous prison sentences

Validity of the gender gap theory in a substance-abusing population with previous prison sentences

Julkaisun nimi: 
Validity of the gender gap theory in a substance-abusing population with previous prison sentences
Tekijä: 
Kaskela, T. & Pitkänen, T.
Julkaisukieli: 
Englanti
Julkaisumuoto: 
Järjestötutkimus
Liittyy hankkeeseen: 
Rekisteritutkimus asiakaskunnasta
Julkaisuvuosi: 
2016
Julkaisun tiedot: 

Kaskela, T. & Pitkänen, T. (2016) Validity of the gender gap theory in a substance-abusing population with previous prison sentences. NSfK's 58.Research Seminar report: New challenges in criminology; can old theories be used to explain or understand new crimes? p. 177 – 191 https://www.nsfk.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2018/11/Report-NSfK-Res...

Lyhyt kuvaus: 

AIMS: In general, men commit most crimes, and this phenomenon is called the gender gap
in criminology. Is the gender gap theory valid for substance abusers who have been imprisoned?
In this paper, the theoretical background of the gender gap and other factors
connected to criminality and preliminary results of a registry study are presented.

METHODS: The data consisted of 2034 female and 4537 male substance abusers. Gender
differences in the groups of substance abusers with and without prior convictions were
compared. Additionally, the effect of gender and prior convictions on the amount and
type of crimes committed between 2006 and 2010 were studied.

RESULTS: In the group of substance abusers with prior convictions, gender differences
were quite narrow compared to substance abusers without prior convictions. Generally,
convicted substance abusers committed more crimes than other substance abusers, and
men committed more crimes than women. However, there was no gender difference in the
proportion of substance abusers with prior convictions who committed property crimes in
the observation period.

CONCLUSIONS: A gender gap in the criminality of substance abusers was found regardless
of earlier prison background. However, preliminary results suggest that substance
abusing women with prior convictions might have a risk of committing property crimes
similar to men. Further analyses and control of confounding factors are needed before
conclusions can be made. A more advanced analysis considering the confounding factors
and deaths will be performed using Cox regression analyses in the near future.

Keywords: gender, prison sentence, criminality, substance abuse, Cox regression

Julkaisun teema-alue: 
05. monipäihteisyys/moniriippuvuus
... mikä: 
Rikollisuus
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